With the changes promised by Emancipation and Tennessee’s 1870 Constitution, African Americans stepped forward to do their duty and claim their rights as citizens. Whether enlisting for military service, running for state and local office, advocating for voting rights and public education, or protesting against “Jim Crow” laws, they moved confidently but warily into the newly accessible public sphere.
Public Education in Tennessee by Mary S. Hoffschwelle
Sampson Wesley Keeble (1833-1887) by Linda T. Wynn
With Emancipation and the ability to participate in a democratic society, African Americans put themselves forward for public service in a wide range of local and state offices in the late nineteenth century before the imposition of “Jim Crow” laws limited their ability to hold public positions by the late 1880s and early 1890s. ...More
Despite being denied full citizenship in the Jim Crow South, African Americans have voluntarily enlisted in the military and defended the United States in conflicts from the Civil War to the present. ...More.